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  What Is Psychology?
Written By: Dr. Levinson
  Therapy-Practical Applications
Written By: Dr. Levinson
       
 

The following article is intended to provide you with a general, broad outlook on a very deep and elaborative field. To further educate and enrich yourself, please search any of the underlined and/or capitalized terms.

WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY IN A NUTSHELL?

The investigation of the mind remained the absolute province of philosophy until the nineteenth century. In fact, many of modern psychological issues related to human's behavior can be traced back to China, India and Ancient Greeks, when philosophers such as, Plato and Aristotle tried to explain how people feel, behave and acquire knowledge.
Psychology was declared, for the first time, as an independent field only in 1879, with Wundtís experimental laboratory .

Leading Modern Psychological Schools Include: Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, Cognitivist, and Humanism.

PSYCHOANALYSIS:

Psychoanalysis refers to the theory and application of mind investigation. The theory was conceptualized by the Austrian neurologist, Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939) in the 1890s (photo #2). Freudís main premise was that adultís personality is shaped, and to a large extent, determined by childhood memories and experiences.
He contended that emotional sickening symptoms, such as Hysteria, are rooted in troubling memories-- buried in the unconscious mind.


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The following article is intended to provide you with a general, broad outlook on a very deep and elaborative field. To further educate and enrich yourself, please research any of the underlined or/and capitalized terms.

THERAPY: PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS

PSYCHOANALYSIS:

Psychoanalysis is usually long- term treatment that its positive effect may last years after the completion of therapy. This type of treatment works best for people who tend to benefit from insight as a method that facilitates change and personal development.

In order to provide greater intensity and continuity of the analytic process, patients usually attend frequent sessions a week. In many cases, they use the couch, which enables further self-reflection in a more privet atmosphere.

The psychoanalyst knows to detect the multi-level layers of the patientís psyche. This special analyst/ patient dyad is designed to Work Through repressed inner conflicts, so that the patient could begin the healing process. One fundamental assumption of psychoanalysis is the process of: Repetition Compulsion. That is, the ways the patient conducts herself in the world, would surface up and be repeated in therapy.

Through analytical interpretation and confrontation, repressed materials are brought up and examined in a conscious level. This allows the patient greater freedom of choice, under controlled level.

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